openGL Have Fun - A Go package that makes life with OpenGL enjoyable.


glhf GoDoc Report card

openGL Have Fun - A Go package that makes life with OpenGL enjoyable.

go get

Main features

  • Garbage collected OpenGL objects
  • Dynamically sized vertex slices (vertex arrays are boring)
  • Textures, Shaders, Frames (reasonably managed framebuffers)
  • Always possible to use standard OpenGL with glhf


OpenGL is verbose, it's usage patterns are repetitive and it's manual memory management doesn't fit Go's design. When making a game development library, it's usually desirable to create some higher-level abstractions around OpenGL. This library is a take on that.


The library is young and many features are still missing. If you find a bug, have a proposal or a feature request, do an issue!. If you know how to implement something that's missing, do a pull request.


The following are parts of the demo program, which can be found in the examples.

// ... GLFW window creation and stuff ...

// vertex shader source
var vertexShader = `
#version 330 core

in vec2 position;
in vec2 texture;

out vec2 Texture;

void main() {
	gl_Position = vec4(position, 0.0, 1.0);
	Texture = texture;

// fragment shader source
var fragmentShader = `
#version 330 core

in vec2 Texture;

out vec4 color;

uniform sampler2D tex;

void main() {
	color = texture(tex, Texture);

var (
        // Here we define a vertex format of our vertex slice. It's actually a basic slice
        // literal.
        // The vertex format consists of names and types of the attributes. The name is the
        // name that the attribute is referenced by inside a shader.
        vertexFormat = glhf.AttrFormat{
                {Name: "position", Type: glhf.Vec2},
                {Name: "texture", Type: glhf.Vec2},

        // Here we declare some variables for later use.
        shader  *glhf.Shader
        texture *glhf.Texture
        slice   *glhf.VertexSlice

// Here we load an image from a file. The loadImage function is not within the library, it
// just loads and returns a image.NRGBA.
gopherImage, err := loadImage("celebrate.png")
if err != nil {

// Every OpenGL call needs to be done inside the main thread.
mainthread.Call(func() {
        var err error

        // Here we create a shader. The second argument is the format of the uniform
        // attributes. Since our shader has no uniform attributes, the format is empty.
        shader, err = glhf.NewShader(vertexFormat, glhf.AttrFormat{}, vertexShader, fragmentShader)

        // If the shader compilation did not go successfully, an error with a full
        // description is returned.
        if err != nil {

        // We create a texture from the loaded image.
        texture = glhf.NewTexture(

        // And finally, we make a vertex slice, which is basically a dynamically sized
        // vertex array. The length of the slice is 6 and the capacity is the same.
        // The slice inherits the vertex format of the supplied shader. Also, it should
        // only be used with that shader.
        slice = glhf.MakeVertexSlice(shader, 6, 6)

        // Before we use a slice, we need to Begin it. The same holds for all objects in
        // GLHF.

        // We assign data to the vertex slice. The values are in the order as in the vertex
        // format of the slice (shader). Each two floats correspond to an attribute of type
        // glhf.Vec2.
                -1, -1, 0, 1,
                +1, -1, 1, 1,
                +1, +1, 1, 0,

                -1, -1, 0, 1,
                +1, +1, 1, 0,
                -1, +1, 0, 0,

        // When we're done with the slice, we End it.

shouldQuit := false
for !shouldQuit {
        mainthread.Call(func() {
                // ... GLFW stuff ...

                // Clear the window.
                glhf.Clear(1, 1, 1, 1)

                // Here we Begin/End all necessary objects and finally draw the vertex
                // slice.

                // ... GLFW stuff ...


Which version of OpenGL does GLHF use?

It uses OpenGL 3.3 and uses

Why do I have to use package with GLHF?

First of all, OpenGL has to be done from one thread and many operating systems require, that the one thread will be the main thread of your application.

But why that specific package? GLHF uses the mainthread package to do the garbage collection of OpenGL objects, which is super convenient. So in order for it to work correctly, you have to initialize the mainthread package through mainthread.Run. However, once you call this function there is no way to run functions on the main thread, except for through the mainthread package.

Why is the important XY feature not included?

I probably didn't need it yet. If you want that features, create an issue or implement it and do a pull request.

Does GLHF create windows for me?

No. You have to use another library for windowing, e.g.

Why no tests?

If you find a way to automatically test OpenGL, I may add tests.

  • Data race

    Data race

    I'm trying to test TilePix drawing to a pixel Window using xvfb which creates a headless GUI/display/browser etc etc in travis-ci.

    I'm testing with -race, and I get this data race; here is the output of the failure:

    --- FAIL: TestMap_DrawAll (0.42s)
        testing.go:809: race detected during execution of test
    Write at 0x00c00000e180 by main goroutine:*VertexSlice).SetLen()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/vertex.go:66 +0xc9*GLTriangles).SetLen.func1()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/pixelgl/gltriangles.go:82 +0xa7
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/mainthread.go:44 +0xf7
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/pixelgl/run.go:32 +0x64
          /home/travis/gopath/src/ +0x92
          _testmain.go:144 +0x32f
    Previous read at 0x00c00000e180 by goroutine 12:*GLTriangles).Update()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/vertex.go:50 +0x93
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/pixelgl/gltriangles.go:39 +0x1aa*Window).MakeTriangles()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/pixelgl/canvas.go:65 +0x9d*Drawer).Draw()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/drawer.go:74 +0x4b8*Sprite).DrawColorMask()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/sprite.go:87 +0x1c5*Map).DrawAll()
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/sprite.go:61 +0x8f1
          /home/travis/gopath/src/ +0x2a4
          /home/travis/.gimme/versions/go/src/testing/testing.go:865 +0x162
    Goroutine 12 (running) created at:
          /home/travis/.gimme/versions/go/src/testing/testing.go:916 +0x651
          /home/travis/.gimme/versions/go/src/testing/testing.go:1157 +0xa6
          /home/travis/.gimme/versions/go/src/testing/testing.go:865 +0x162
          /home/travis/.gimme/versions/go/src/testing/testing.go:1155 +0x521
          /home/travis/.gimme/versions/go/src/testing/testing.go:1072 +0x2e9
          /home/travis/gopath/src/ +0x41
          /home/travis/gopath/pkg/mod/[email protected]/mainthread.go:37 +0x34

    Here is the change which is generating this problem:

    opened by bcvery1 6
  • Fix VertexSlice sub-slices rendering excessive data

    Fix VertexSlice sub-slices rendering excessive data

    gl.DrawArrays takes count as the third argument. Current solution may cause that shader (on older GPUs) would try to render data that is outside of VBO memory. So it should be int32(j-i) as in other parts of the code instead of int32(i+j)

    opened by Wieku 1
  • array uniforms support

    array uniforms support

    Not the best naming, but it works. Implementation of FR Useless without patch in pixel code. Will be done in relevant PR.

    opened by shinomontaz 0
  • Array uniforms feature request

    Array uniforms feature request

    It would be nice to have an array uniforms. Useful for dynamic shadows when obstacles are many. Seems it's can be done by calling gl.Uniform1fv with second param equals to desired array size in shader.go. Something like this:

    case Float:
    		value := value.(float32)
    		gl.Uniform1fv(s.uniformLoc[uniform], 1, &value)
    case FloatArr:
                    value := value.([]float32)
    		length := int32(len(value))
    		gl.Uniform1fv(s.uniformLoc[uniform], length, &value[0])
    opened by shinomontaz 0
  • Drawing slice forces GL_TRIANGLES

    Drawing slice forces GL_TRIANGLES

    Drawing a slice forces the gl.TRIANGLES drawmode, meaning you have to revert to direct gl calls to draw points or other primitives (I've implemented my own method for now to pass a draw mode, I'd make a pull request but I'm not sure what to call the method, I'm just using Draw2(mode uint32)

    opened by HymnsForDisco 0
  • sprite draw is suddenly broken for me

    sprite draw is suddenly broken for me

    Everything was fine 3 days ago, but now both my exercises with pixel engine and glhf demo show the same problem: no errors, windows is created and even filled with Clear color, but no sprites is drawed. Window updates and closes just fine, draw method is called, but no evidence off sprite

    what i'm doing wrong?

    win7 x64, Nvidia last drivers. Sry for mb stupid question!

    opened by shnifer 7
Michal Štrba
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