Go bindings for ForestDB



Go bindings for ForestDB


  1. Obtain and build forestdb: https://github.com/couchbaselabs/forestdb (run make install to install the library)
  2. Install header files to system location
  3. On Ubuntu 14.04: cd <forestdb_project_dir> && mkdir /usr/local/include/libforestdb && cp include/libforestdb/* /usr/local/include/libforestdb
  4. go get -u -v -t github.com/couchbase/goforestdb


See godocs

Sample usage (without proper error handling):

// Open a database
db, _ := Open("test", nil)

// Close it properly when we're done
defer db.Close()

// Store the document
doc, _ := NewDoc([]byte("key"), nil, []byte("value"))
defer doc.Close()

// Lookup the document
doc2, _ := NewDoc([]byte("key"), nil, nil)
defer doc2.Close()

// Delete the document
doc3, _ := NewDoc([]byte("key"), nil, nil)
defer doc3.Close()
  • error: unexpected signal during runtime execution

    error: unexpected signal during runtime execution

    Any thoughts on following error? ( I'm using go1.5.1 darwin/amd64 on OSX 10.10.5 ( Yosemite ) with latest ForestDB )

    package main
    import (
    func main() {
        // Open a database
        db, _ := forestdb.Open("test", nil)
        // Close it properly when we're done
        defer db.Close()
    $ go run main.go 
    fatal error: unexpected signal during runtime execution
    [signal 0xb code=0x1 addr=0x0 pc=0x0]
    runtime stack:
    runtime.throw(0x414c320, 0x2a)
      /usr/local/go/src/runtime/panic.go:527 +0x90
      /usr/local/go/src/runtime/sigpanic_unix.go:12 +0x5a
    goroutine 1 [syscall, locked to thread]:
    runtime.cgocall(0x4001d40, 0xc82004dc70, 0xc800000000)
      /usr/local/go/src/runtime/cgocall.go:120 +0x11b fp=0xc82004dc50 sp=0xc82004dc20
    github.com/couchbase/goforestdb._Cfunc_fdb_get_default_config(0x100004000008, 0x8000000, 0x1000, 0x1, 0x105400001, 0x1e00000104000000, 0x100000, 0xf, 0xc82001c001, 0x1e, ...)
      ??:0 +0x45 fp=0xc82004dc70 sp=0xc82004dc50
      gocode/src/github.com/couchbase/goforestdb/config.go:201 +0x82 fp=0xc82004de30 sp=0xc82004dc70
    github.com/couchbase/goforestdb.Open(0x4123050, 0x4, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
      gocode/src/github.com/couchbase/goforestdb/file.go:30 +0x51 fp=0xc82004ded0 sp=0xc82004de30
      main.go:13 +0xf2 fp=0xc82004df50 sp=0xc82004ded0
      /usr/local/go/src/runtime/proc.go:111 +0x2b0 fp=0xc82004dfa0 sp=0xc82004df50
      /usr/local/go/src/runtime/asm_amd64.s:1696 +0x1 fp=0xc82004dfa8 sp=0xc82004dfa0
    goroutine 17 [syscall, locked to thread]:
      /usr/local/go/src/runtime/asm_amd64.s:1696 +0x1
    exit status 2

    goforestdb tests are okay;

    go test -v .
    === RUN   TestSnapshotAndRollback
    --- PASS: TestSnapshotAndRollback (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBCrud
    --- PASS: TestForestDBCrud (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBCompact
    --- PASS: TestForestDBCompact (0.02s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBCompactUpto
    --- PASS: TestForestDBCompactUpto (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBConcurrent
    --- PASS: TestForestDBConcurrent (4.59s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIterator
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIterator (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIteratorSeq
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIteratorSeq (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIteratorSeek
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIteratorSeek (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIteratorPrev
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIteratorPrev (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIteratorOnSnapshot
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIteratorOnSnapshot (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIteratorPreAlloc
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIteratorPreAlloc (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBIteratorBug
    --- PASS: TestForestDBIteratorBug (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBKVCrud
    --- PASS: TestForestDBKVCrud (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestForestDBKVBatch
    --- PASS: TestForestDBKVBatch (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestPool
    --- PASS: TestPool (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestSnapshotMarkersSingleKvs
    --- PASS: TestSnapshotMarkersSingleKvs (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestSnapshotMarkersMultiKvs
    --- PASS: TestSnapshotMarkersMultiKvs (0.00s)
    === RUN   TestTx
    --- PASS: TestTx (0.00s)
    ok      github.com/couchbase/goforestdb 4.638s
    opened by devfacet 1
  • Add logging.

    Add logging.

    In order to trace what happened when debugging forestdb crashes, it is useful to log sufficient information to show sequence of operations and perhaps useful memory locations

    Change-Id: I38691c79686ded51303a1839002a1e4c408801d1

    opened by melkote 0
  • Getting better stack traces?

    Getting better stack traces?

    I somehow managed to cause a panic (I'm still trying to dig into the root cause), and I'm seeing a stack trace:

    fatal error: unexpected signal during runtime execution
    [signal 0xb code=0x1 addr=0x15 pc=0x4ea78bb]
    runtime stack:
    runtime.gothrow(0x4847e70, 0x2a)
        /usr/local/go/src/runtime/panic.go:503 +0x8e
        /usr/local/go/src/runtime/sigpanic_unix.go:14 +0x5e
    goroutine 7 [syscall, locked to thread]:
    runtime.cgocall_errno(0x4002df0, 0xc20819b900, 0xc200000000)
        /usr/local/go/src/runtime/cgocall.go:130 +0xf5 fp=0xc20819b8e0 sp=0xc20819b8b8
    github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb._Cfunc_fdb_kvs_close(0x5500090, 0x0)
        /Users/tleyden/Development/sync_gateway/src/github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb/:251 +0x43 fp=0xc20819b900 sp=0xc20819b8e0
    github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb.(*KVStore).Close(0xc20802bb10, 0x0, 0x0)
        /Users/tleyden/Development/sync_gateway/src/github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb/forestdb.go:26 +0x135 fp=0xc20819b978 sp=0xc20819b900
        /Users/tleyden/Development/sync_gateway/src/github.com/couchbaselabs/forestdb-bucket/forestdb_bucket.go:470 +0x71 fp=0xc20819b998 sp=0xc20819b978

    it's a bit cryptic, and I was wondering if there was a way to get a better error message.

    opened by tleyden 5
  • Unexpected behavior when setting a doc body to nil

    Unexpected behavior when setting a doc body to nil

    When I set a doc body to nil and the retrieve the doc, it's returning an empty slice (and I was expecting it to return a nil doc body)

    Steps to reproduce:

    • Create new doc
    • Update doc to set doc body to nil
    • Get doc via kvstore.GetKV()
    • Expected: should return nil. Actual: empty slice is returned

    Test case

    func TestSetDocBodyToNil(t *testing.T) {
        rawBucket, tempDir := GetTestBucket()
        defer os.RemoveAll(tempDir)
        defer CloseBucket(rawBucket)
        bucket := rawBucket.(*forestdbBucket)
        // set "foo" key to value "bar"
        err := bucket.kvstore.SetKV([]byte("foo"), []byte("bar"))
        assert.True(t, err == nil)
        err = bucket.db.Commit(forestdb.COMMIT_NORMAL)
        assert.True(t, err == nil)
        // now set "foo" key to nil
        doc, err := forestdb.NewDoc([]byte("foo"), nil, nil)
        assert.True(t, err == nil)
        defer doc.Close()
        err = bucket.kvstore.Set(doc)
        assert.True(t, err == nil)
        err = bucket.db.Commit(forestdb.COMMIT_NORMAL)
        assert.True(t, err == nil)
        // get the value of "foo" key
        docBody, err := bucket.kvstore.GetKV([]byte("foo"))
        assert.True(t, err == nil)
        assert.True(t, docBody == nil) // fails, because it's an empty slice
    opened by tleyden 6
  • Cannot build after OSX Yosemite upgrade

    Cannot build after OSX Yosemite upgrade

    I just upgraded to OSX Yosemite (yeah I know, I was waiting for them to fix all the bugs), and now I'm having issues building goforestdb. In order to build, I had to do the following workarounds:

    1. In my .bash_profile, export C_INCLUDE_PATH=$C_INCLUDE_PATH:/usr/local/include/. It seems that by default /usr/local/include is no longer in the default header search path. (or is my system messed up somehow?)
    2. In all .go files that had an #cgo LDFLAGS directive, replace with: //#cgo LDFLAGS: -L/usr/local/lib -lforestdb to explicitly add /usr/local/lib into the library search path.

    If someone else is able to build fine on OSX Yosemite, then just close this bug and I'll try to figure out how my system is messed up. Any pointers welcome.

    Btw, forestdb itself still builds fine.

    (I wonder if I just need to reinstall or rebuild go from source?)

    opened by tleyden 3
  • Panic when read/written concurrently

    Panic when read/written concurrently

    Here's a test script I've been using:

    package main
    import (
        fdb "github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb"
    var testFile = "/tmp/test.fdb"
    var testValue = bytes.Repeat([]byte{120}, 256)
    var total = int(1e5)
    func abortOn(err error) {
        if err != nil {
    func main() {
        config := fdb.DefaultConfig()
        wg := sync.WaitGroup{}
        db, err := fdb.Open(testFile, config)
        defer db.Close()
        abortOn(write(db, 0))
        abortOn(read(db, 0))
        go func() {
            defer wg.Done()
            abortOn(write(db, 1))
        go func() {
            defer wg.Done()
            abortOn(read(db, 0))
    func write(db *fdb.Database, base int) error {
        fmt.Println("* writing")
        for n := 0; n < total; n++ {
            key := make([]byte, 4)
            binary.BigEndian.PutUint32(key, uint32(base*total+n))
            if err := db.SetKV(key, testValue); err != nil {
                return err
        return db.Commit(fdb.COMMIT_NORMAL)
    func read(db *fdb.Database, base int) error {
        fmt.Println("* reading")
        for n := 0; n < total; n++ {
            key := make([]byte, 4)
            binary.BigEndian.PutUint32(key, uint32(base*total+n))
            if _, err := db.GetKV(key); err != nil {
                return err
        return nil


    $ go run fdb-bug.go 
    * writing
    * reading
    * writing
    * reading
    *** Error in `/tmp/go-build726603444/command-line-arguments/_obj/exe/fdb-bug': double free or corruption (fasttop): 0x00000000097f6e00 ***
    SIGABRT: abort
    signal arrived during cgo execution
    goroutine 21 [syscall]:
    runtime.cgocall(0x402410, 0x7f1173239e08)
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/runtime/cgocall.c:143 +0xe5 fp=0x7f1173239df0 sp=0x7f1173239da8
    github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb._Cfunc_fdb_get_kv(0x13b62c0, 0xc208073040, 0x4, 0xc20803c758, 0xc208073048, 0x1)
      github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb/_obj/_cgo_defun.c:179 +0x31 fp=0x7f1173239e08 sp=0x7f1173239df0
    github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb.(*Database).GetKV(0xc20803c028, 0xc208073040, 0x4, 0x4, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
      $GOPATH/src/github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb/kv.go:32 +0xf2 fp=0x7f1173239e88 sp=0x7f1173239e08
    main.read(0xc20803c028, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
      fdb-bug.go:68 +0x1ee fp=0x7f1173239f68 sp=0x7f1173239e88
      fdb-bug.go:45 +0x58 fp=0x7f1173239fa8 sp=0x7f1173239f68
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/runtime/proc.c:1445 fp=0x7f1173239fb0 sp=0x7f1173239fa8
    created by main.main
      fdb-bug.go:46 +0x23d
    goroutine 16 [semacquire]:
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/runtime/sema.goc:199 +0x30
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/sync/waitgroup.go:129 +0x14b
      fdb-bug.go:47 +0x24d
    goroutine 19 [finalizer wait]:
    runtime.park(0x4153f0, 0x77bbd8, 0x770de9)
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/runtime/proc.c:1369 +0x89
    runtime.parkunlock(0x77bbd8, 0x770de9)
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/runtime/proc.c:1385 +0x3b
      $GOROOT/src/pkg/runtime/mgc0.c:2644 +0xcf
    goroutine 17 [syscall]:
    goroutine 20 [syscall]:
    github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb._Cfunc_fdb_set_kv(0x13b62c0, 0xc208073020, 0x4, 0xc208040000, 0x100, 0x425de3)
      github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb/_obj/_cgo_defun.c:305 +0x31
    github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb.(*Database).SetKV(0xc20803c028, 0xc208073020, 0x4, 0x4, 0xc208040000, 0x100, 0x100, 0x0, 0x0)
      $GOPATH/src/github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb/kv.go:58 +0xa4
    main.write(0xc20803c028, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0)
      fdb-bug.go:55 +0x215
      fdb-bug.go:40 +0x58
    created by main.main
      fdb-bug.go:41 +0x1f0
    rax     0x0
    rbx     0x8b
    rcx     0xffffffffffffffff
    rdx     0x6
    rdi     0x74ef
    rsi     0x74f2
    rbp     0x7f1170e9ebe0
    rsp     0x7f1170e9e848
    r8      0x3030653666373930
    r9      0x6f6974707572726f
    r10     0x8
    r11     0x202
    r12     0x7f1170e9e9f0
    r13     0x7
    r14     0x8b
    r15     0x7
    rip     0x7f1172a0ad27
    rflags  0x202
    cs      0x33
    fs      0x0
    gs      0x0
    exit status 2
    godep: go exit status 1
    opened by dim 32
  • memory leak?

    memory leak?

    I am not sure if it's the C code or the go wrapper or maybe something I misunderstand altogether, but the following piece of code is an easy way to consume all available memory of your machine:

    package main
    import (
        fdb "github.com/couchbaselabs/goforestdb"
    func abortOn(err error) {
        if err != nil {
    func main() {
        db, err := fdb.Open("/tmp/leak.fdb", fdb.DefaultConfig())
        for i := 0; i < 100000000; i++ {
            key := make([]byte, 8)
            binary.BigEndian.PutUint64(key, uint64(i))
            err := db.SetKV(key, []byte("BOGUSDATA"))
            if (i+1)%1000000 == 0 {
                log.Printf("written %d keys", i+1)

    It looks like a memory leak to me. I tried both, the db.Set and the db.SetKV methods (obviously closing the documents) and they both produce the same pattern of uncontrolled memory consumption growth.

    Any ideas? Thanks!

    opened by dim 7
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