age is a simple, modern and secure file encryption tool, format, and library.
It features small explicit keys, no config options, and UNIX-style composability.
$ age-keygen -o key.txt Public key: age1ql3z7hjy54pw3hyww5ayyfg7zqgvc7w3j2elw8zmrj2kg5sfn9aqmcac8p $ tar cvz ~/data | age -r age1ql3z7hjy54pw3hyww5ayyfg7zqgvc7w3j2elw8zmrj2kg5sfn9aqmcac8p > data.tar.gz.age $ age --decrypt -i key.txt data.tar.gz.age > data.tar.gz
The format specification is at age-encryption.org/v1. To discuss the spec or other age related topics, please email the mailing list at [email protected]. age was designed by @Benjojo12 and @FiloSottile.
An alternative interoperable Rust implementation is available at github.com/str4d/rage.
Usage: age (-r RECIPIENT | -R PATH)... [--armor] [-o OUTPUT] [INPUT] age --passphrase [--armor] [-o OUTPUT] [INPUT] age --decrypt [-i PATH]... [-o OUTPUT] [INPUT] Options: -o, --output OUTPUT Write the result to the file at path OUTPUT. -a, --armor Encrypt to a PEM encoded format. -p, --passphrase Encrypt with a passphrase. -r, --recipient RECIPIENT Encrypt to the specified RECIPIENT. Can be repeated. -R, --recipients-file PATH Encrypt to recipients listed at PATH. Can be repeated. -d, --decrypt Decrypt the input to the output. -i, --identity PATH Use the identity file at PATH. Can be repeated. INPUT defaults to standard input, and OUTPUT defaults to standard output. RECIPIENT can be an age public key generated by age-keygen ("age1...") or an SSH public key ("ssh-ed25519 AAAA...", "ssh-rsa AAAA..."). Recipient files contain one or more recipients, one per line. Empty lines and lines starting with "#" are ignored as comments. "-" may be used to read recipients from standard input. Identity files contain one or more secret keys ("AGE-SECRET-KEY-1..."), one per line, or an SSH key. Empty lines and lines starting with "#" are ignored as comments. Multiple key files can be provided, and any unused ones will be ignored. "-" may be used to read identities from standard input.
Files can be encrypted to multiple recipients by repeating
-r/--recipient. Every recipient will be able to decrypt the file.
$ age -o example.jpg.age -r age1ql3z7hjy54pw3hyww5ayyfg7zqgvc7w3j2elw8zmrj2kg5sfn9aqmcac8p \ -r age1lggyhqrw2nlhcxprm67z43rta597azn8gknawjehu9d9dl0jq3yqqvfafg example.jpg
Multiple recipients can also be listed one per line in one or more files passed with the
$ cat recipients.txt # Alice age1ql3z7hjy54pw3hyww5ayyfg7zqgvc7w3j2elw8zmrj2kg5sfn9aqmcac8p # Bob age1lggyhqrw2nlhcxprm67z43rta597azn8gknawjehu9d9dl0jq3yqqvfafg $ age -R recipients.txt example.jpg > example.jpg.age
If the argument to
-, the file is read from standard input.
Files can be encrypted with a passphrase by using
-p/--passphrase. By default age will automatically generate a secure passphrase. Passphrase protected files are automatically detected at decrypt time.
$ age -p secrets.txt > secrets.txt.age Enter passphrase (leave empty to autogenerate a secure one): Using the autogenerated passphrase "release-response-step-brand-wrap-ankle-pair-unusual-sword-train". $ age -d secrets.txt.age > secrets.txt Enter passphrase:
As a convenience feature, age also supports encrypting to
ssh-ed25519 SSH public keys, and decrypting with the respective private key file. (
ssh-agent is not supported.)
$ age -R ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub example.jpg > example.jpg.age $ age -d -i ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 example.jpg.age > example.jpg
Note that SSH key support employs more complex cryptography, and embeds a public key tag in the encrypted file, making it possible to track files that are encrypted to a specific public key.
Encrypting to a GitHub user
Combining SSH key support and
-R, you can easily encrypt a file to the SSH keys listed on a GitHub profile.
$ curl https://github.com/benjojo.keys | age -R - example.jpg > example.jpg.age
Keep in mind that people might not protect SSH keys long-term, since they are revokable when used only for authentication, and that SSH keys held on YubiKeys can't be used to decrypt files.
On macOS or Linux, you can use Homebrew:
brew tap filippo.io/age https://filippo.io/age brew install age
On Windows, Linux, and macOS, you can use the pre-built binaries.
If your system has Go 1.13+, you can build from source:
git clone https://filippo.io/age && cd age go build -o . filippo.io/age/cmd/...
On Arch Linux, age is available in the official repositories:
sudo pacman -Syu age
On OpenBSD -current and 6.7+, you can use the port:
On all supported versions of FreeBSD, you can build the security/age port or use pkg:
pkg install age
Help from new packagers is very welcome.